Paderi Godfrey Nzamouju juga Alias profesor pertanian telah memberi jalan penyelesaian yang mengkagum bagaimana para PETANI mampu mengucapkan selamat TINGGAL kepada KEMISKINAN. Beliau telah memberi formula penyelesaian yang ajaib tetapi sangat praktikal. Demi mencapai keberhasilannya beliau sendiri beteksperimen selama 35 tahun. Ia BERMULA atas tanah 1 ekar sahaja sebagai pembuka usahanya di Benin Afrika BARAT.
MARI kita Hayati dan KAJI kekata hikmat ya yang amat mengujakan setelah berjaya.
“The only way to reverse poverty is to make Africans become successful producers, by increasing their production capacities through learning, researching and through opening their eyes to the opportunities around them. On one hand, helping them see what is possible to do with their natural resources, and on the other hand, helping them equip themselves with values and skills to embrace these possibilities to create goods and services that correspond to their needs and desires”.
Satu satu cara bagaimana PETANI mampu melawan ARUS demi melepaskan diri daripada belenggu kemiskinan ialah dengan mempertingkatkan daya pengeluaran hasilan yang siap. Ianya boleh mendatangkan keberhasilan menerusi pembelaran, penyelidikan dan CELIK akal terhadap peluang peluang yang muncul di sekeliling mereka. Ia mengajar PETANI membuka mata terhadap peluang yang wujud di sekeliling mereka. Secara langsung membantu PETANI mengenal pasti bagaimana memanfaatkan sumber sumber yang wujud di persekitaran mereka. Secara terus mempersiapkan diri dengan nilai dan ketrampilan yang seharusnya ada dalam mencapai keberhasilan mengeluarkan barangan dan perkhidmatan sebagai tidak balas terhadap kehendak dan permintaan pasaran yang diperlukan oleh masyarakat.
Chinese and Indian troops march in same parade as Putin watches
Defense ministers from both sides attend Russia’s Victory Day celebration
Chinese, left, and Indian troops march in Moscow on June 24 in a parade celebrating Victory Day, the anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany in World War II. (Nikkei montage/source photos by Reuters)DIMITRI SIMES, Contributing writerJune 25, 2020 02:06 JST
MOSCOW — Indian and Chinese troops participated in Russia’s Victory Day military parade in Moscow on Wednesday, a rare display at a time of rising tensions between the two Asian neighbors over a decades-old border dispute.
With Russian President Vladimir Putin watching from just outside the Kremlin walls, a Tri-Service contingent of the Indian Armed Forces marched through Red Square. Minutes later, a unit of the Chinese People Liberation Army’s honor guard paraded by.
The sight of Indian and Chinese soldiers marching in the same parade together came just over a week after a deadly border clash between the two countries in the Himalayan region of Ladakh.
Both Indian Defense Minister Rajnath Singh and his Chinese counterpart Wei Fenghe attended the parade. Although Chinese state media initially reported that a meeting between the two ministers in Moscow was “very likely,” the Indian Defense Ministry denied that report on Tuesday.
“This parade is a very rare example of how Russia is an important international player, since for both China and India it is important to demonstrate a symbolic solidarity with Moscow,” said Fyodor Lukyanov, chairman of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, a research group that advises the Russian government.
“Although Moscow doesn’t have many concrete ways to influence the current situation [between India and China], Russia, just by its presence in Eurasia, determines too much to ignore,” Lukyanov added. “This symbolic gesture from Beijing and New Delhi confirms that.”
About 14,000 soldiers from 13 countries took part in the parade, which commemorated the 75th anniversary of the Soviet Union’s victory over Nazi Germany in World War II.
The pageantry comes after Indian and Chinese troops fought with wooden clubs, rocks and fists in the Galwan River valley of the Ladakh region last week. The incident on June 15 marked the first deaths in a border clash between Indian and Chinese forces since 1975.
According to Indian military officials, 20 Indian soldiers died in the clash. The Chinese Foreign Ministry has confirmed that it lost troops in the battle, but it has avoided providing an exact number. Both sides have since agreed to a truce.
The confrontation has put Russia, which has sought to court both countries in recent years, in an awkward spot. China is Russia’s largest trading partner, with bilateral trade turnover exceeding $110 billion last year. India, on the other hand, is Russia’s largest arms customer and has recently pledged to invest $1 billion in the Russian Far East.
“Any conflict between India and China is extremely unpleasant for Russia because Moscow has placed a bet on its close strategic partners trusting each other as much as possible,” said Alexey Kupriyanov, a senior research fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Kupriyanov said that despite Putin’s efforts in recent years to position Russia as a global deal-maker, the longtime Russian president was far more cautious about offering himself up as a mediator for India and China than he was for the conflicts in Syria, Libya or Venezuela, where Moscow plays a significant diplomatic role.
“There is a demand for Russia’s mediation in countries that are half in ruins because the two sides there cannot reach a deal with each other or because one side believes itself to be much weaker than the other,” he said. “In this case, however, we have two nuclear-armed powers with decades of experience in managing their border conflicts by themselves. So while we are willing to help, we realize that neither side is eager for a third player.”
In recent weeks, as tensions between India and China have escalated, senior Russian officials have repeatedly emphasized that Moscow had no plans to mediate the conflict or support either side.
“We do not have any intention to interfere in the matters of India and China, as they themselves are capable of sorting it out among themselves, without any third party,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Tuesday during a videoconference with his Indian and Chinese counterparts.
Last week, Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov stated that while Russia found reports of a clash between Indian and Chinese forces “very alarming,” it was confident that the “two countries are capable of taking necessary steps to prevent such situations in the future and to ensure that there is predictability and stability in the region.”
Russia, however, is discovering that completely staying out of the conflict between its two close partners is not so easy. Following the Galwan Valley incident, India announced that it would purchase 33 new Su-30 and MiG-29 fighter jets from Russia. At the same time, New Delhi has asked Moscow to speed up its delivery of the first batch of S-400 air defense systems, which is currently scheduled for December 2021. The two countries had signed a $5.2 billion contract for the S-400 back in October 2018.
State media controlled by Beijing have already begun a campaign to sway Russian public opinion against the move. In a popular Facebook group for Russian experts on Asia, China state-owned newspaper People’s Daily put up a post arguing that weapon transfers to India would only exacerbate tensions in the region.
“As experts say, if Russia wants to soften the hearts of the Chinese and Indians, it is better off not delivering arms to India in such a sensitive moment,” the newspaper wrote. “The two Asian powers are Russia’s very close strategic partners.”
There’s so much nutrition that goes to waste when we throw away potato peels, banana skins and even the water in which we soak our veggies. The produce, full of protein, potassium, calcium and other nutrients may not be to our taste but is certainly useful for our garden.
Curious how you can make fertilisers in a shorter time than composting? Read on.
How to make quick organic fertiliser if you are already composting
Reserve a big vessel or a small bucket in your kitchen to collect all the water that goes into washing vegetables or soaking rice, paneer etc.
Instead of washing your produce under running water, make a habit of soaking it in a small vessel and draining the water into the reserved bucket.
Do the same with water used to wash rice, lentils etc. If you are concerned that these grains are sprayed with chemicals, rinse them under running water just once and then clean them in a vessel. Pour the “waste” water into your reserved bucket.
Add all the fruit peels, banana skins and such other ingredients into the bucket. Make sure you cover it adequately to avoid any flies.
Allot a time, usually in the evening, to strain out the food waste. This will ensure that no food bit stays in the water for more than 24 hours.
Once strained, add the peels to your composting bin. Make sure you add enough brown material (like dry leaves, twigs or wood chippings) to soak in and compensate for the added moisture to your compost.
Use the organic fertiliser water from the bucket to water your plants. If your plants are predominantly in pots, this water should suffice. If not, you can use regular water if the fertiliser water won’t suffice.
For the first few weeks, keep observing the health of your plants. I have tried this with banana peels soaked in rice and dal water. The plants seem to be doing just fine. But, its suitability may depend on the soil pH, climatic conditions and the needs of the plants too.
A healthy smoothie for your plants if you don’t compost
Not composting yet? Worry not; you can still feed your plants with healthy nutrients using this method.
Collect all your wet waste such as tomato tops, onion peels, potato skins etc. in a bowl.
At an allotted time (just like the above method, to prevent them from sitting for over 24 hours), chop all these “waste” materials into small pieces.
Add them to a mixer grinder and add an adequate amount of water to it. The final texture should not be too runny nor too thick.
Grind them together to make a thin ‘smoothie’.
Dilute this with water and water your plants with it.
If your plants haven’t had any fertiliser for a long time, you can try giving them only the smoothie for a couple of days in a week. Just make sure that it is thin enough to seep into the soil instead of staying above it. That may invite flies and other insects.
(Edited by Gayatri Mishra)
“My mother was a gardener and she inspired me to dirty my hands with soil. I love travelling and setting up gardens for people through workshops. I use natural growing methods like permaculture and ecosystemic designs. I also practice other integral gardening methods like mulching, composting, soil-regeneration, seed-saving and companion planting. I brew my bio-enzymes to spray on the crops,” Vipesh, presently posted at the Budhlada Horticulture Department tells The Better India.
Called ‘Biomimicry’, Vipesh’s gardening design mirrors a natural forest that has the ability to decompose, store water, produce clean air, provide access to sunlight and yield healthier food.
Here Are 5 Rules He Follows
1) Natural Mulching
Vipesh uses farm waste like weeds, dry leaves, eggshells, sugarcane bagasse, straw, banana leaves and farm litter as mulching material. These materials when decomposed provides ample nutrition to plants.
Mulch is nothing but a protective layer above the soil that helps in retaining the moisture in the soil, prevents weed growth and regenerates soil through slow fertilisation. He also recommends planting edible legumes such as beans and fenugreek that also act as a bio-mulch. They fix nitrogen in the soil benefiting other plants also. Microgreens, fenugreek, spinach, nasturtium, coriander are some other options.
2) In-Situ Composting
Vipesh swears by in-situ composting as it mimics nature and the green waste naturally shrinks and decomposes into the soil surface.
“In-situ composting is for those who don’t have a compost bin to make garden compost. All one has to do is dig a one-feet-deep trench in the garden and fill it with kitchen waste like fruit peels and vegetable waste. Cover the waste with over with a layer of dry leaves,” he explains.
The organic waste decomposes and provides nutrient-rich food to microbes and worms. This, in turn, improves soil management and soil regeneration.
3) Companion Planting
Companion planting is sowing different crops in close proximity to maximise the use of space and increase crop productivity. It also helps in pest control, promotes pollination and natural proliferation of beneficial insects.
“Companions help each other grow. For example, I grow banana, mint and turmeric as companion plants. The banana tree provides shade and turmeric keeps the pest away. Other combinations are maize, cowpeas and bottle gourd; and moringa, nasturtium, colocasia.”
4) Bio-Mimicked Raised Beds
In raised bed gardening, plants are grown in soil that is higher than the ground. For this, Vipesh has used a layer of gravel and small stones/pebbles. This helps in proper drainage and keeps roots from being damaged in case of over-irrigation during monsoons.
“Raised garden beds, which are ideal for small plots of veggies and flowers, also prevent soil compaction and act barriers to pests. They require fewer gardening inputs, irrigation and maintenance,” says Vipesh.
4) Seed Saving & Bio enzymes
Being a horticulture officer, Vipesh often gets an opportunity to visit farms across the state. He collects seeds while travelling from farmers or farms. He prefers opting for open-pollinated and self-seeded plants.
As these seeds are nutrient-rich and some even of rare varieties, Vipesh saves seeds and reproductive material from his garden left after every cycle. In the gardening jargon, this process is known as seed saving.
“Saving seeds of best-performing plants is vital as they have already adjusted in my garden’s ecosystem, soil, climate, and growing conditions. The saved seeds when repotted will perform better in the next cycle and give more yield,” he explains.
Vipesh also prepares bio enzymes from fruit and vegetable waste. “I ferment kitchen fruit peels for over 60-90 days and then add jaggery and water. Every month I prepare around 10 litres of BE which is sprayed in my garden every 15 days,” he says.
Fruits of labour
With the help of these natural practices, Vipesh’s food garden now flourishes with fruits like banana, lemon, kinnow, phalsa, guavas, grapes, papaya, cranberry, mulberry and so on.
Other vegetables include fenugreek, spinach, garden cress, mustard, rocket leaves, wild oxalis, coriander, rosella, wheatgrass. Herbs and medicinal plants include mint, holy basil, Thai basil, camphor basil, celery, fennel, chamomile, insulin plant, ashwagandha and so on.
Vipesh believes that gardening is an integral part of life that has helped him grow in more ways than one, “I feel one with nature and at peace every time I step into my garden. Gardening has taught to be patient and not give up until I achieve the end goal.”
KUALA LUMPUR: Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad and Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim said they do not recognise the government led by Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin as it was not mandated by the people.
In a joint statement issued to mark Pakatan Harapan’s May 9 victory in the 14th General Election two years ago, Dr Mahathir and Anwar said they were firm in the stand from the day the new Perikatan Nasional government was formed, that it did not receive the mandate from the people.